Frequenty Asked Questions

What are the STC and SPC codes?

The STC and SPC codes provide a concise way of describing a range of stress patterns. These coding systems were  inherited from its parent databases. The original StressTyp database used  StressTyp Codes (STCs). The Stress Pattern Database used Syllable Priority Codes (SPCs). This page desribes the codes in more detail.

In Quick Search, what are the pattern types and subtypes?

ST2 divides patterns into three major categoris: quantity-insensitive (qi), quantitiy-sensitive bounded (qsb), and quantity-sensitive unbounded (qsub). These are the main types. The subtypes are single, dual, binary, ternary, and multiple.

Why do languages have more than one stress pattern?

There are many reasons why a language may have more than one pattern listed. An additional pattern could be a pattern for secondary stress; a pattern for exceptional stress only used for certain classes of words in the language; or an in_toto pattern which contains an amalgamation of primary and secondary stress in the language.

How do I search for the stress pattern of a particular language?

If you would like to view information about a language, navigate to the 'BROWSE' menu and click "browse languages'. From here you can type a particular language in the search bar or click on any language in the list. The stress pattern will be listed.

How do I search for all the languages whose stress patterns have certain properties?

If you would like to view information about a pattern, navigate to the 'BROWSE' menu and click "browse patterns'. From here you can type a particular pattern in the search bar or click on any pattern in the list. They are listed in alphabetical order by type, STC and then SPC.

I have done a search. Can I export the results?

Yes; scroll to the bottom of any search page and click the "XML" or "CSV" button to export it in that format. CSV files are spreadsheets openable in Microsoft Excel.

I want to perform advanced queries on the StressTyp2 MySQL database. How can I do this?

The SQL file will be posted on the Linguistic Data Consortium website soon. Until then, you can email and request the database file.

Some information appears incorrect. Is there a process to correct wrong information?

Yes, send an e-mail with any corrections to

Who created StressTyp2?

Rob Goedemans (Leiden University), Jeffrey Heinz (University of Delaware), and Harry van der Hulst (University of Connecticut), and students from the University of Delaware and the University of Connecticut.

How do I cite the database?

Once ST2 is archived with the Linguistic Data Consortium, we recommend that archived versions be used for scholarly research. In such cases, the citation provided by the Linguistic Data Consortium should be used.